European experiences as guidelines for public, private and civil sector role redefinition in spatial policy formulation process in Serbia
The period of post-socialist transition in Serbia brings more complex actors environment compared to socialistic period, while institutional arrangements are not enough developed to actively involve different groups of actors in spatial policy formulation process. In order to gather certain knowledge as guidelines for redefining institutional practices in Serbia, institutional framework of Serbia was compared in this paper with institutional framework of three developed European countries, especially in relation to the roles of public, private and civil sector in spatial policy formulation process. The European countries selected for the analysis are United Kingdom, Netherlands and Germany because of diverse national administrative traditions, so different institutional arrangements could be researched. By comparing institutional framework in Serbia with the ones in developed European countries following questions are researched: which actors are missing in Serbia, what are the ways institutional arrangements for different groups inclusion into spatial policy formulation process are formed, what are the differences between the roles of certain groups of actors in decision-making process. Current roles of actors in spatial policy formulation process in Serbia are reviewed and possible directions for public, private and civil sector role redefinition in Serbia are discussed in accordance with experiences of developed European countries.
Ache P., Hill A., Höweler, M., Peters, S. (2006) Governance of territorial and urban policies – ESPON 2.3.2 project. Dortmund: Institut für Raumplanung Fakultät Raumplanung, Universität Dortmund.
Thirteenth European Conference of Ministers Responsible for Regional/Spatial Planning (CEMAT) (2005) Document of the Conference: Territory and Landscape. Ljubljana (Slovenia), 16-17 September 2003, Councile of Europe Publishing.
CESID (2011) Istraživanje javnog mnenja - Odnos građana i preduzetnika prema lokalnim podzakonskim aktima/ An Opinion Poll - The Relationship of Citizens and Entrepreneurs to Local Laws (in Serbian), http://www.coe.org.rs/REPOSITORY/2075_fin_istrazivacki_izvestaj,_savet_evrope.pdf, accessed 25 Oct 2011.
ESPON (2007) Governance of territorial and urban policies from EU to local level. Final report, ESPON Project 2.3.2., http://www.espon.eu/mmp/online/website/content/projects/243/374/file_592/2.ir_2.3.2full.pdf, accessed 15th Oct 2009.
European Comission (1999) The EU compendium on spatial planning systems and policies – Germany. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
Građanske inicijative/Civic Initiatives (2011) Stanje u sektoru organizacija civilnog društva/ The Situation in Civil Sector Society (in Serbian), http://www.gradjanske.org/admin/article/download/files/Stanje%20u%20OCD%20sektoru.ppt?id=1040, accessed 25th Oct 2011.
Građanske inicijative/Civic Initiatives (2009) Percepcija i stavovi javnosti o nevladinom sektoru u Srbiji u 2009. godini/ Public Perceptions and Attitudes towards NGO Sector in Serbia in the year of 2009. (in Serbian) http://www.gradjanske.org/admin/download/files/cms/attach?id=286, accessed 25th Oct 2011.
Hajer, M., Zonneveld W. (2000) Spatial planning in the network society-rethinking the principles of planning in the Netherlands, European Planning Studies, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 337-355, Routledge,
Lazarević Bajec, N. (2009) Lokalno strateško planiranje u Srbiji: evaluacija rezultata/Local Strategic Planning in Serbia: Evaluation of Results. Tematski zbornik radova (drugi deo) sa međunarodnog naučnog skupa Regionalni razvoj, prostorno planiranje i strateško upravljanje/ Thematic Collection of Papers (Second Part) from the International Scientific Conference Regional Development, Spatial Planning and Strategic Governance, pp. 125-144, IAUS, Beograd.
Maksin-Mićić, M., Milijić, S., Nenković-Riznić, M. (2009) Spatial and environmental planning of sustainable regional development in Serbia, SPATIUM International Review, No. 21, pp. 39- 52, Belgrade, IAUS.
Meuleman, L. (2008) Public management and the metagovernance of hierarchies, networks and markets. Physica-Verlag, A Springer Company.
Nijeboer, A. (2004) Direct Democracy in The Netherlands, in Kaufmann, B., Waters, M. D. (eds.) Direct Democracy in Europe: A Comprehensive Reference Guide to the Initiative and Referendum Process in Europe. Carolina Academic Press, Durham, North Carolina.
Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (2004a) Comunity involvement in planning: The Government’s Objectives, http://www.communities.gov.uk/documents/planningandbuilding/pdf/147588.pdf, accessed 27th Feb 2011.
Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (2004b) Planning Policy Statement 11: Regional Spatial Strategies, London:TSO, http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+ / http://www.communities.gov.uk/documents/planningandbuilding/pdf/147423.pdf, 27th Feb 2011.
Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (2004c) Planning Policy Statement 12: Local Spatial Planning, London:TSO, http://www.communities.gov.uk/documents/planningandbuilding/pdf/pps12lsp.pdf, accessed 18th Feb 2011.
Planning Act (2008), http://infrastructure.independent.gov.uk/wpcontent/uploads/2009/08/ukpga_20080029_en.pdf, accessed 21st July 2011.
Republic Agency for Spatial Planning (2011), http://www.rapp.gov.rs, 21.10.2011.
RENET (2007) Compendium on Retail Development, Planning Philosophies and Legal Instruments - Old Member States: Finland, Germany, Sweden – Report, http://www.location3.de/pdf/potz_renet_old-memberstates2007_10_31.pdf, accessed 6th Apr 2010.
Vujošević, M. (2004) The search for a new development planning/policy mode: problems of expertise in the transition period, SPATIUM International Review, No. 10, pp. 12-18, Belgrade, IAUS.
Taşan-Kok, Т. (2006) Institutional and Spatial Change, in Tsenkova, S., Nedović-Budić, Z. (eds.) The Urban Mosaic of Post-Socialist Europe: Space, Institutions and Policy. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag.
Zakon o lokalnoj samoupravi/Law on Local Self- Government ("Službeni glasnik RS", br. 129/07) / (Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, no. 129/07) (in Serbian).
Zakon o ministarstvima/Law on Ministries ("Službeni glasnik RS", br. 65/08 и 36/09) / (Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, no. 65/08 and 36/09) (in Serbian).
Zakon o planiranju i izgradnji/Law on Planning and Construction ("Službeni glasnik RS", br. 72/09, 81/09 and 24/11) / (Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, no. 72/09, 81/09 and 24/11) (in Serbian).
Zakon o prostornom planu Republike Srbije od 2010. do 2020. godine/ Law on the Spatial Plan of the Republic of Serbia 2010-2020. ("Službeni glasnik RS", br.88/10) / (Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, no. 88/10) (in Serbian).