Notes on the development of the urban heritage management concept in contemporary policies
This paper seeks to present an overview of the development of the urban heritage management (UHM) concept by analysing documents from key international organisations in this field. The period 1964-2011 is deemed to have been marked by a paradigm shift in the discipline of conservation. Over the course of the last decade, the discussion has been focused on the development of the historic urban landscape (HUL), a concept that incorporates principles of conservation into the integral urban planning framework. However, it seems that the gap between conservation and development is yet to be bridged in practice. The first part of the paper briefly outlines the most important theoretical thought in the fields of conservation and urban planning that contributed to the development of the urban heritage (UH) concept in the 20th century. The second section reviews the UHM policies presented in documents, with an emphasis placed on the roles of particular stakeholders in the process. This paper contributes to overviewing the key aspects of contemporary UHM policies and highlighting perspectives for its future development.
Bandarin, F., Van Oers, R. (2012) The Historic Urban Landscape: Managing heritage in an urban century. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.
Castells, M. (1993) European Cities, the Informational Society, and the global Economy, Journal of Economic and Social Geography, Ixxxiv, p. 4.
Colenbrander, B. (1999) De verstrooide stad. Rotterdam: NAi Publishers.
Council of Europe (1985) Convention on the Protection of the Architectural Heritage of Europe. Granada: Council of Europe. Council of Europe (2000) European Landscape Convention. Florence: Council of Europe.
Council of Europe (2005) Council of Europe Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society. Faro: Council of Europe.
Evans, G. (2009) Creative Cities, Creative Spaces and Urban Policy. Urban Studies, 46(5–6), pp. 1003–1040.
Geddes, P. (1915) Cities in Evolution: An Introduction to the Town Planning Movement and to the Study of Civics. London: Williams & Norgate.
Giovannoni, G. (1931) Vecchie città ed edilizia nuova. Torino: Unione tipografico-editrice torinese.
Harvey, D. (1989) From Managerialism to Entrepreneurialism: The Transformation of Urban Governance in Late Capitalism. Geografissker Annaler, 71B, pp. 3-17.
ICOMOS (1964) International Charter for the Conservation of Monuments and Sites. Venice: ICOMOS.
ICOMOS (1975) The Declaration of Amsterdam. Paris: ICOMOS.
ICOMOS (1987) Charter for the Conservation of Historic Towns and Urban Areas – International Council on Monuments and Sites – The Washington Charter. Washington: ICOMOS.
ICOMOS (2000) Charter of Krakow – Principles for Conservation and Restoration of Built Heritage. Paris: ICOMOS.
ICOMOS (2008) Charter for the Interpretation and Presentation of Cultural Heritage Sites. Paris: ICOMOS.
ICOMOS (2011) Valletta Principles for the Safeguarding and Management of Historic Cities, Towns and Urban Areas. Paris: ICOMOS.
Jokilehto, J. (2007) International charters on urban conservation: some thoughts on the principles expressed in current international doctrine. City & Time, 3(3), pp. 23-42.
King, R. (ed.) (1993) Mass migration in Europe: the legacy and the future. London: Belhaven.
Rodwell, D. (2007) Conservation and sustainability in historic cities. Chicester: Blackwell Publ.
Ruskin, J. (1849) The seven lamps of architecture. London: Smith, Elder and Co.
Sassen, S. (2011) When Cities Become Strategic. Architectural Design, 81(3), pp. 124–127.
Siravo, F. (2011) Conservation Planning: The Road Less Traveled. Conservation Perspectives, The GCI Newsletter, 26(2).
Sitte, C. (1901) Der Städtebau nach seinen künstlerischen Grundsätzen. Wien: Graeser.
Swyngedouw, E., Moulaert, F., Rodriguez, A. (2002) Neoliberal Urbanization in Europe: Large-Scale Urban Development Projects and the New Urban Policy. Antipode. Blackwell Publishing.
UN Habitat (2008) Best Practices on Social Sustainability in Historic Districts. Nairobi: UN Habitat.
UNESCO (1972) Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. Paris: UNESCO.
UNESCO (1972) Recommendation Concerning the Protection, at National Level, of the Cultural and Natural Heritage. Paris: UNESCO.
UNESCO (1976) Recommendation concerning the Safeguarding and Contemporary Role of Historic Areas. Nairobi: UNESCO UNESCO (2003) Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Paris: UNESCO.
UNESCO (2005) Vienna Memorandum on ‘World Heritage and Contemporary Architecture – Managing the Historic Urban Landscape’. Vienna: UNESCO.
UNESCO (2011) Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions. Paris: UNESCO
UNESCO (2016) Global Report on Culture for Sustainable Urban Development. Paris: UNESCO.
Van Oers R, Haraguchi S, World Heritage Centre, et al. (2010) Managing historic cities = Gérer les villes historiques. Paris: UNESCO World Heritage Centre.
Van Oers, R. (2007) Towards new international guidelines for the conservation of historic urban landscapes (HUL)s. City & Time 3 (3): 3.
Veldpaus L., Pereira Roders, A., Colenbrander, B. (2013) Urban Heritage: Putting the Past into the Future. The Historic Environment, 4(1), pp. 3–18.
Veldpaus, L. (2015) Historic urban landscapes: framing the integration of urban and heritage planning in multilevel governance. Eindhoven: Technische Universiteit Eindhoven.