Spatial characteristics of contemporary prefabricated modular dormitory cells

Keywords: modular architecture, university dormitories, accommodation unit, student room

Abstract

Prefabricated modular architecture brings diversified opportunities for sustainable university student accommodation. Modern and modular construction systems offer affordable and comfortable housing to students. The housing units form the core construction units of the dormitories. They are made from recycled shipping containers or prefabricated modular blocks that share common characteristics. The accommodation sections of modular dormitories are characterised by efficient sorting of prefabricated cells along horizontal communications. The paper analyses characteristic case studies and defines the predominant floor plan types of modular student accommodation cells. The difference in the layout and operational solutions also results from the specifics of the supporting structures. The aim is to categorise the prevailing floor types of modular accommodation cells and to define the spatial standard of student rooms while maintaining the right measure in the relationship: efficiency – invention – user comfort. Attractive interiors can increase the value of college houses. The basis of such projects is to have well-organised floor plans, which are clear and functional, even with regard to their visual effects.

Author Biographies

Edita Vráblová, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Slovak University of Technology, Bratislava, Slovakia

Edita Vráblová graduated from the Faculty of Architecture and Design at the Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava and concurrently accomplished one-year scholarship at the Vienna University of Technology in 2002. Since then, she practices and works at the Institute of the Residential buildings of the FAD STU in Bratislava. She stands for the Associate Professor currently and devotes to the domain of residential buildings and progressive trends in temporary accommodation. She conducts a lot of activities in the architectural research and presents its outcomes at domestic and foreign science forums. She is a co-author of a foreign publishing monograph, a number of published scientific papers in journals and scientific conferences proceedings. She devotes mainly to the residential buildings and temporary accommodation in her architectural practice. She was rewarded in architectural competitions: 1st prize in an architectural competition verified by the Slovak Chamber of Architects, nomination for the ARCH Prize. Many projects and realizations were presented at several architectural exhibitions.

Michal Czafík, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Slovak University of Technology, Bratislava, Slovakia

Michal Czafík graduated from the Faculty of Architecture and Design at the Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava (2011) and concluded his PhD studies through the dissertation thesis (2014). He is currently working as a senior lecturer at the Institute of Architecture of Residential Buildings. He deals mainly with the research and the issue of social housing focusing on homeless people housing. He conducts lectures and teaches theoretical and practical courses. Author's existing portfolio includes published scientific papers, participation in international grant projects, as well as the number of completed architectural projects. He participates in many conferences home and abroad. The Ministry of Transport, Construction and Regional Development appointed him (2015) as a member of the jury for the assessment of affordable housing in Slovakia.

Branislav Puškár, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Slovak University of Technology, Bratislava, Slovakia

Branislav Puškár graduated from the Faculty of Architecture and Design at the Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Institute of Architecture of Residential Buildings (2005). He concluded his PhD studies through the dissertation thesis at the Faculty of Architecture in Bratislava (2008). He was a vice-dean for development at the Faculty of Architecture of STU in Bratislava (2013-2018). He deals mainly with the research and the issue of social housing focusing on intelligent buildings. His current portfolio includes published scientific papers, participation in international grant projects, as well as the number of completed architectural projects. He conducts a lot of activities in the architectural research and presents its outcomes at domestic and foreign science forums. He was habilitated at the Faculty of Architecture, Brno University of Technology (2018).

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Published
2022-06-08
Section
Original Scientific Paper