Mapping urban design literature: A network-based approach

Keywords: urban design, network analysis, ecological urbanism, gender, industry 4.0


The aim of this paper was to analyze and connect the existing literature on urban design. The use of mapping methodologies from a network-based approach made it possible to chronologically identify the most relevant authors from a literature review on urban design and their contributions, establishing points of theoretical connection. The main result of this analysis was the construction of three proposed approaches: i) an environmental and ecological approach, including for example research about the third landscape, the healthy city or ecosystemic urbanism; ii) a technological approach with Industry 4.0 and iii) a participatory and gender perspective approach.


Alexander, C., Ishikawa, S., Silverstein, M. (1977). A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction. Berkeley: Centre for Environmental Structure.

Alexander, C. (1987). A New Theory of Urban Design. New York: Oxford University Press.

Arnstein, S. (1969). A Ladder of Citizen Participation. Journal of the American Institute of Planners, Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 216-224.

Broadbent, G. (1990). Emerging Concepts in Urban Space Design. New York: Van Nostrand.

Carmona, M., Heath, T., Tiesdell, S., Oc, T. (2003). Public Places, Urban Spaces: The Dimensions of Urban Design. Oxford: Routledge.

Carmona, M. (2014). The place-shaping continuum: A theory of Urban design process. Journal of Urban Design, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 2–36.

Castells, M. (1996). The rise of the network society. The Information Age: Economy, Society, and Culture. Oxford: Willey Blackwell.

Choay, F. (1965). L'Urbanisme Utopies et Réalités, une Anthologie. Paris: Editions du Seuil.

Clément, G. (2014). Manifeste pour le Tiers-paysage. Paris: Sens & Tonka.

Colomina, B. (1992). Sexuality and Space. New York: Princeton University Press.

Colomina, B. (2019). X-Ray Architecture. Zurich: Lars Müller Publishers.

Cuthbert, A. (2007). Urban design: requiem for an era – review and critique of the last 50 years. Urban Design International, Vol. 12, pp. 177–223.

De Carlo, G. (1970). Il pubblico dell’architettura. Parametro, No. 5, pp. 4-13.

Ellin, N. (1999). Postmodern Urbanism. (2nd ed.). New York: Princeton architectural press.

Foroughmand Araabi, H. (2014). Book Review of The Urban design reader (2nd ed.). Journal of Urban Design, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 266–267.

Foroughmand Araabi, H. (2016). A typology of Urban Design theories and its application to the shared body of knowledge. Urban Design International, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 11–24.

Foroughmand Araabi, H. (2017). The Formation of Urban Design Theory in Relation to Practice. (Doctoral thesis, Bartlett School of Planning, London, UK). [Accessed: 01 Jul 2021].

Fortunato, S., Hric, D. (2016). Community detection in networks: A user guide, Physics Reports, Vol. 659, pp. 1–44.

Gehl, J. (2011). Life Between Buildings: Using Public Space. Washington DC: Island Press.

Gosling, D., Maitland, B. (1984). Concepts of Urban Design. London: Academy.

Hayden, D. (1980). What Would a Non-Sexist City Be Like? Speculations on Housing, Urban. Design, and Human Work. Signs. Journal of Women in Culture and Society, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 170-187.

Hayden, D. (1982). The Grand Domestic Revolution: A History of Feminist Designs For American Homes, Neighborhoods, and Cities. Cambridge: The MIT Press.

Hillier, W., Hanson. J. (1984). The Social Logic of Space. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Horelli, L., Vepsä, K. (1994). In Search of Supportive Structures for Everyday Life. In I. Altman, A. Churchman (Eds.) Women and the Environment. Human Behaviour and Environment, Vol. 13, New York: Plenum, pp. 01-226.

Jacobs, J. (1984). The Death and Life of Great American Cities. Whole Harmondsworth: Penguin in assoc. with Cape.

Koolhaas, R. (2020). Countryside, A Report. Cologne: Taschen.

Kostof, S. (1999). The City Shaped: Urban Patterns and Meanings through History. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company.

Krier, R. (1979). Urban Space. New York: Rizzoli.

Larice, M., Macdonald, E. (2012). The Urban Design Reader. London: Routledge.

Larrán, M., Andrades, F. J. (2017). Analysing the literature on university social responsibility: A review of selected higher education journals. Higher Education Quarterly, Vol. 71, pp. 302-319.

LeGates, R. T., Stout, F. (2020). The City Reader. London: Routledge.

Lynch, K. (1960). The Image of the City. Cambridge: The MIT Press.

Lynch, K. (1971). Site Planning. Cambridge, Cambridge: The MIT Press.

Lynch, K. (1981). A Theory of Good City Form. Cambridge: The MIT Press.

Madanipour, A. (1996). Design of Urban Space, an Inquiry into a Socio-Spatial Process. Chichester; New York: Wiley.

Massey, D. (1994). Space, Place and Gender. Cambridge: Policy Press.

Mell, I. (2019). Beyond the peace lines: conceptualizing representations of parks as inclusionary spaces in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Town Planning Review, Vol.2, No. 90, pp. 195–218.

Mies, M., Shiva, V. (2016). Ecofeminismo. Barcelona: Icaria.

Newman, M. E. J. (2006). Modularity and community structure in networks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 103(23), pp. 8577-8582.

Rowe, C., Koetter, F. (1978). Collage City. New edition. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Rendell, J., Penner, B., Borden, I. (2000). Gender, Space and Architecture. An Interdisciplinary Introduction. New York: Routledge.

Rudofsky, B. (1964). Architecture Without Architects: A Short Introduction to Non-pedigreed Architecture. Garden City, NJ: Doubleday.

Rueda-Palenzuela, S. (2019). El Urbanismo Ecosistémico. Ciudad Y Territorio Estudios Territoriales, Vol. 51, No. 202, pp. 723-752.

Sánchez de Madariaga, I. (2009). Vivienda, movilidad y urbanismo para la igualdad en la diversidad: ciudades, género y dependencia. Ciudad Y Territorio Estudios Territoriales, Vol. 41, No. 2, pp. 581-597.

Sánchez de Madariaga, I., Roberts, M. (2013). Fair Shared Cities. The Impact of Gender Planning in Europe. New York: Ashgate.

Sassen, S. (1991). The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Scott, J. (1991). Networks of Corporate Power: A Comparative Assessment. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 17, pp. 181-203.

Sitte, C. (2013). The Art of Building Cities: City Building According to Its Artistic Fundamentals. Palma de Mallorca: Fine Books.

Spain, D. (1992). Gendered Spaces. North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press.

Spain, D. (2014). Gender and Urban Space. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 40, pp. 581-598.

Trancik, R. (1986). Finding Lost Space – Theories of Urban Design. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

United Nations (2015). Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). [online]. [Accessed: 19 Jul 2021].

Review Paper