Possibilities for implementing principles of a circular economy in the reconstruction and adaptation of buildings in Serbia
The circular economy is a new economic model which provides the necessary goods and services for maintaining and improving living standards without increasing the consumption of raw materials and waste. The traditional model of the linear economy is viewed as an unsustainable long-term solution because it does not take waste treatment into account, and thus the impact on the environment. The European Union has recognized this problem and obliged its members to apply the circular economy model as a strategy for a climate-neutral, resource-efficient, and competitive economy. By adopting the European Green Deal at the Western Balkans Summit, the Republic of Serbia has committed itself to abide by the new growth strategy, which includes the application of the circular economy in all industrial sectors. The construction industry is one of the most environmentally harmful industries in the world, with a direct impact on the use of raw materials, life cycle of buildings, and the overall environment. The paper explores the circular economy concept, its principles, and possibilities for implementation, both at the national level of the Republic of Serbia and the level of the European Union. The role of the circular economy in the construction industry has been examined through the analysis of legislation currently in force with regard to the treatment of construction materials and waste. This paper aims to highlight the importance of employing the circular economy in the Republic of Serbia, as well as to define guidelines for its further implementation, especially in the reconstruction and adaptation of buildings.
Adams, K. T., Osmani, M., Thorpe, A., Thornback, J. (2017). Circular economy in construction: current awareness, challenges and enablers, Waste and Resource Management, Vol. 170, No. 1, pp. 15-24. https://doi.org/10.1680/jwarm.16.00011
Bertino, G., Kisser, J., Zeilinger, J., Langergraber, G., Fischer, T., Österreicher, D. (2021). Fundamentals of Building Deconstruction as a Circular Economy Strategy for the Reuse of Construction Materials, Applied Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 939, pp. 1-30. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11030939
Blomsma, F. (2016). Making sense of circular economy - how practitioners interpret and use the idea of resource life-extension. (Doctoral dissertation, Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, London, UK). https://spiral.imperial.ac.uk/handle/10044/1/47907 [Accessed: 20 Feb 2022].
Blomsma, F., Kjær, L., Pigosso, D., McAloone, T., Lloyd, S. (2018). Exploring Circular Strategy Combinations - towards Understanding the Role of PSS, Procedia CIRP 69, Vol. 69, pp. 752-757. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2017.11.129
Bonciu, F. (2014). The European economy: From linear to circular economy, Romanian Journal of European Affairs, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 78-91.
Eberhardt, L. C. M., Birkved, M., Birgisdottir, H. (2020). Building design and construction strategies for a circular economy, Architectural Engineering and Design Management, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 93-113. https://doi.org/10.1080/17452007.2020.1781588
European Commission (2012). Manifesto for a resource-efficient Europe. Brussels: European Commission.
European Commission (2019). The European Green Deal. Brussels: European Commission.
European Commission (2020a). A New Circular Economy Action Plan For a cleaner and more competitive Europe. Brussels: European Commission.
European Commission (2020b). Circular Economy Principles for Building Design. Brussels: European Commission.
European Commission (2020c). A Renovation Wave for Europe – Greening of Buildings, Creating Jobs, Improving Lives. Brussels: European Commission.
European Commission (2020d). A New Industrial Strategy for Europe. Brussels: European Commission.
European Standard (2016). Conservation of Cultural Heritage - Guidelines for improving the energy performance of historic buildings. Luxembourg: European Union.
European Union (2010). Directive 2010/31/EU on the energy performance of building (recast). Official journal of the European Union, Vol. L 153, pp. 13-35.
European Union (2011). Regulation (EU) laying down harmonized conditions for the marketing of construction products and repealing Council Directive 89/106/EEC. Official Journal of the European Union, Vol. L 88, pp. 5-43.
European Union (2012). Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency. Official journal of the European Union, Vol. L 315, pp. 1-56.
European Union (2018). Directive (EU) 2018/844 amending Directive 2010/31/EU on the energy performance of buildings and Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency. Official journal of the European Union, Vol. L 156, pp.75-91.
Laumann, F., Tambo, T. (2018). Enterprise Architecture for a Facilitated Transformation from a Linear to a Circular Economy, Sustainability, Vol. 10, No. 3882, pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10113882
Mapa puta za cirkularnu ekonomiju u Srbiji (2020). Beograd: Ministarstvo zaštite životne sredine.
Mihajlov, A., Mladenović, A., Jovanović, F. (2019). Circular economy in Serbia: process started. Belgrade: Environmental Ambassadors for Sustainable Development (EASD).
Mihajlov, A., Mladenovic, A., Jovanovic, F. (2021). Country in Transition (Serbia) Case: Circular Economy Starts from Waste Management, Environmental Research & Technology, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 83-88.
Pomponi, F., Moncaster, A. (2017). Circular economy for the built environment: A research framework. Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 143, No. pp. 710-718. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.12.055
Privredna komora Srbije (2022). Stanje cirkularne ekonomije u Srbiji 2021/2022. Beograd: Privredna komora Srbije.
Rahla, K. M., Mateus, R., Bragança, L. (2021). Implementing Circular Economy Strategies in Buildings—From Theory to Practice, Applied System Innovation, Vol. 4, No. 26, pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3390/asi4020026
Regional Cooperation Council (2020). Sofia Declaration on the Green Agenda for the Western Balkans. Sofia: Regional Cooperation Council.
Službeni glasnik RS (br. 12/2010). Nacionalni program zaštite životne sredine (in Serbian). Belgrade: JP „Službeni glasnik“.
Službeni glasnik RS (br. 29/2010). Strategija upravljanja otpadom za period 2010-2019 godine. (in Serbian). Belgrade: JP „Službeni glasnik“.
Službeni glasnik RS (br. 80/2011). Nacionalna strategija za aproksimaciju u oblasti životne sredine za Republiku Srbiju (in Serbian). Belgrade: JP „Službeni glasnik“.
Službeni glasnik RS (br. 61/2011). Pravilnik o energetskoj efikasnosti objekata (in Serbian). Belgrade: JP „Službeni glasnik“.
Službeni glasnik RS (br. 33/2012). Nacionalna strategija održivog korišćenja prirodnih resursa i dobara (in Serbian). Belgrade: JP „Službeni glasnik“.
Službeni glasnik RS (br. 135/2004, 36/2009, 36/2009 - dr. zakon, 72/2009 - dr. zakon, 43/2011 - odluka US, 14/2016, 76/2018, 95/2018 - dr. zakon i 95/2018 - dr. zakon). Zakon o zaštiti životne sredine (in Serbian). Belgrade: JP „Službeni glasnik“.
Službeni glasnik RS (br. 83/2018). Zakon o građevinskim proizvodima (in Serbian). Belgrade: JP „Službeni glasnik“.
Službeni glasnik RS (br. 69/2012 i 44/2018 - dr. zakon). Pravilnik o uslovima, sadržini i načinu izdavanja sertifikata o energetskim svojstvima zgrada (in Serbian). Belgrade: JP „Službeni glasnik“.
Službeni glasnik RS (br. 72/2009, 81/2009 - ispr., 64/2010 - odluka US, 24/2011, 121/2012, 42/2013 - odluka US, 50/2013 - odluka US, 98/2013 - odluka US, 132/2014, 145/2014, 83/2018, 31/2019, 37/2019 - dr. zakon, 9/2020 i 52/2021). Zakon o planiranju i izgradnji (in Serbian). Belgrade: JP „Službeni glasnik“.
Službeni glasnik RS (br. 12/2022). Program upravljanja otpadom u Republici Srbiji za period 2022-2031. godine (in Serbian). Belgrade: JP „Službeni glasnik“.